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Hound Dog Breeds

Bred to hunt without commands, they aren’t for people who want instant response from their dogs. Their temperaments can be feisty, sweet and mellow, and aloof, depending on the breed. Hound dogs have plenty of stamina and are great for hunters and runners, but aren’t as wired as sporting dogs. Many will gladly snuggle with you on the couch if allowed. There are two subgroups, scent hounds.

Afghan Hound
Size: Large, female 25”, male 26-28”
Color: Any
Protection level: Will bark
Energy level: High, as puppies but calm down with age
Life expectancy: 10-12 years
Good with children: Some are.
Performance abilities: Lure coursing, hunters in their homeland
Shedding: Yes
Grooming: Extensive, 3-4 hours a week
Potential health concerns: HD, cataracts, autoimmune diseases, hypothyroidism
Recommended health clearances: OFA, CERF
Best with: Active people, people who like dog hairstyling, fenced yards
Not for: Rigid trainers, people who want instant affection, hair haters

Basenji
Size: Small, female 16”, male 17”, 24 lbs.
Color: Black, chestnut red, black and tan, brindle with white markings
Protection level: Great alarm dog
Energy level: Medium
Life expectancy: 13 years
Good with children: Yes, with early exposure
Performance abilities: Lure coursing, tracking, hunting, obedience
Shedding: Minimal, very clean
Grooming: Minimal
Potential health concerns: PKD, malabsorption, PRA, eye defects, Fanconi’s Syndrome
Recommended health clearances: OFA, CERF
Best with: Active people, cat lovers, fenced yards
Not for: Backyard life or people who want instant response

Basset Hound
Size: Medium, female 14-16”, male 15”, 40-80 lbs.
Color: Tan, black, and white markings, red with white, piebald
Protection level: Low, will bark, friendly with strangers
Energy level: Low, but durable – laid back at home but can hunt all day; playful as a puppy
Life expectancy: 10 years
Good with children: Even tempered
Performance abilities: Rabbit hunting, field trials, tracking
Shedding: Moderate
Grooming: Brush occasionally to remove dead hair
Potential health concerns: PRA, vWD, torsion, bleeding disorders, spinal disease, entropion, ectropion, patellar luxation, elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, glaucoma
Recommended health clearances: CERF
Best with: Fenced yard
Not for: Neat freaks, instant obedience

Beagle
Size: Small, two varieties – 13” and under, 16-30 lbs.
Color: Black and tan, red or lemon, may have white markings
Protection level: Barks at strangers, can be territorial
Energy level: Medium – play when invited, quiet inside the home
Life expectancy: 10-14 years
Good with children: Great – patient and tolerant
Performance abilities: Flyball, agility, scent hurdles, field trials, hunting
Shedding: Year-round
Grooming: Slick with a hound’s glove, needs ear cleaning often
Potential health concerns: Intervertebral disk disease, cataracts, epilepsy, hypothyroidism, cataracts, retinal atrophy
Recommended health clearances: OFA and CERF
Best with: Fenced yard with no access for tunneling, active people
Not for: Gardeners, off-leash walks, instant obedience, people who don’t like barking

Black and Tan Coonhound
Size: Large, female 23-25”, male 25-27” 65-100 lbs.
Color: Black with tan markings
Protection level: Barks, will protect if pushed
Energy level: Medium
Life expectancy: 10-14 years
Good with children: Yes
Performance abilities: Hunting and coonhound trials
Shedding: Moderate
Grooming: Easy, brush with rubber currycomb
Potential health concerns: Cataracts, PRA, HD, bleeding disorders, ectropion
Recommended health clearances: OFA and CERF
Best with: Fenced yard and hunters
Not for: High-scoring obedience

Bloodhound
Size: Large, female 23-25”, male 25-27” 80-110 lbs.
Color: Black and tan, red and tan, and tawny
Protection level: Deep bass bark, will protect if pushed
Energy level: High, until 3-4 years of age, then low
Life expectancy: 7-9 years
Good with children: Some better than others, may knock down toddlers
Performance abilities: Tracking (excellent!), search and rescue
Shedding: Seasonal
Grooming: Brush to remove dead hair, needs frequent ear cleaning
Potential health concerns: HD and elbow dysplasia, torsion, bloat, entropion, ectropion
Recommended health clearances: OFA and CERF
Best with: Fenced yard, room to run, firm, loving direction
Not for: Pushovers, house with lots of valuable display items

Borzoi
Size: Large, female 26-30”, 65-85 lbs., male 28-233” 85-110 lbs.
Color: Black and tan, red and tan, and tawny
Protection level: Deep bass bark, will protect if pushed
Energy level: High, until 3-4 years of age, then low
Life expectancy: 7-9 years
Good with children: Some better than others, may knock down toddlers
Performance abilities: Tracking (excellent!), search and rescue
Shedding: Seasonal
Grooming: Brush to remove dead hair, needs frequent ear cleaning
Potential health concerns: HD and elbow dysplasia, torsion, bloat, entropion, ectropion
Recommended health clearances: OFA and CERF
Best with: Fenced yard, room to run, firm, loving direction
Not for: Pushovers, house with lots of valuable display items

Daschsund
Size: Small, miniature less than 11 lbs, standard 20-28 lbs.
Color: Chocolate, sable, black and tan, chocolate and tan, all with or without brindling or merling (dappled)
Protection level: Barks, a lot if allowed
Energy level: Medium to high
Life expectancy: 12-14 years
Good with children: Wirehairs and longhairs are good, smooths are fairly good, miniatures fine with older kids
Performance abilities: Hunting, tracking, obedience, earth tests, field trials
Shedding: Seasonal; smooth and wire lose minimal hair
Grooming: Brushing, some trimming on long-haired; stripping for a terrier for wirehairs
Potential health concerns: Elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, cataracts, diabetes, PRA, patellar luxation, intervertebral disc disease, other spinal problems
Recommended health clearances: OFA and CERF
Best with: Confident owners with a sense of humor, consistent, patient training
Not for: Allergy sufferers, garderners, high-scoring obedience

American Foxhound
Size: Large, female 21-24”, male 22-25”
Color: Any
Protection level: Good guard dog
Energy level: High
Life expectancy: 10-12 years
Good with children: Yes
Performance abilities: Field trials, fox hunting, tracking
Shedding: Yes
Grooming: Brush once a week
Potential health concerns: Deafness, spinal degeneration, HD, blood disorders
Recommended health clearances: OFA
Best with: Fenced yards, plenty of exercise
Not for: Inactive people, frail owners

English Foxhound
Size: Large, female 24-26”, female 60-80 lbs, male 75-95 lbs.
Color: Black, white and tan
Protection level: Low, but will bark
Energy level: High, not hyper
Life expectancy: 10+ years
Good with children: Yes, though younger dog may be too excitable
Performance abilities: Fox hunting, tracking
Shedding: Minimal
Grooming: Brush occasionally with a hound glove, wipe with a damp towel
Potential health concerns: Pancreatitis, HD, renal disease
Recommended health clearances: OFA, CERF
Best with: Fenced yards, patient, active people
Not for: Apartment owners, toddlers, isolation, elderly people, anyone incapable of dealing with a strong dog

Greyhound
Size: Large, female 60-65 lbs, male 65-70 lbs.
Color: Immaterial
Protection level: Low, but some will bark
Energy level: Medium to high, lower after age 3
Life expectancy: 9-14 years
Good with children: Patient and careful
Performance abilities: Therapy, agility, lure coursing
Shedding: Minimal
Grooming: Minimal
Potential health concerns: Bloat, bleeding disorders, PRA, hypothyroidism, anesthesia sensitivity, esophageal problems
Recommended health clearances: CERF
Best with: Fenced yards, easygoing people, runners and regular exercise
Not for: Outdoor life, extreme temperatures, off-leash walks, blind obedience, demanding people

Ibizan Hound
Size: Large, female 22.5-26”, 45 lbs, male 23.5-27.5”, 50 lbs.
Color: Red or white, solid or combination
Protection level: Good watch dog
Energy level: Medium to high
Life expectancy: 12-14 years
Good with children: Excellent, though maybe a little too energetic for young kids
Performance abilities: Hunting, lure coursing, obedience, agility, tracking
Shedding: Light
Grooming: Brush once a week
Potential health concerns: Cardiomyopathy, axonal dystrophy, copper-associated hepatopathy
Recommended health clearances: CERF, OFA
Best with: Regular exercise, safe area to run and play
Not for: Small apartments, the elderly, people with health problems

Irish Wolfhound
Size: Large, female 30+”, 105 lbs, male 32+”, 120 lbs.
Color: Red, black, brindle, white, fawn, gray
Protection level: Minimal, though size can be intimidating
Energy level: Low, unless it sees a rabbit
Life expectancy: 6 years
Good with children: Excellent, patient and calm, size may be too much for young kids
Performance abilities: Lure coursing
Shedding: Minimal if properly groomed
Grooming: Hand stripping, brushing
Potential health concerns: Cardiomyopathy, cataracts, bloat, HD, PRA, cancers (especially bone)
Recommended health clearances: CERF, OFA, vWD, EKG
Best with: Fenced yard, lots of attention, owners who can handle the size
Not for: Jogging companion, guard dog, tiny spaces, harsh handling, extremely active people

 

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